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The Use Of Diatoms As Palaeoenvironmental Indicators

Diatoms are microscopic, photosynthetic algae (which due to the yellow-brown chloroplasts they contain are sometimes referred to as golden algae). Comprising one of the most common types of phytoplankton, they are found in a diverse range of environments from freshwater to saline oceanic waters. It is estimated that 20-25% of all the organic carbon fixation on Earth; via photosynthesis, is attributable to diatoms - in large due to their great abundance.

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